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Empowering Parents, Empowering Communities

Evidence rating
3
Cost rating
1
Review: Foundations for Life, July 2016

Empowering Parents, Empowering Communities (EPEC) is for disadvantaged families experiencing behavioural difficulties with a child between the ages of two and 11.

Parents attend eight weekly two-hour sessions facilitated by pairs of trained and supervised peer facilitators. During these sessions, parents learn strategies for improving the quality of their interactions with their child, reducing negative child behaviour and increasing their efficacy and confidence in parenting. The sessions involve group discussions, demonstrations, role play and homework assignments.

EIF Programme Assessment

Evidence rating
3

Empowering Parents, Empowering Communities has evidence of a short-term positive impact on child outcomes from at least one rigorous evaluation.

What does the evidence rating mean?

Level 3 indicates evidence of efficacy. This means the programme can be described as evidence-based: it has evidence from at least one rigorously conducted RCT or QED demonstrating a statistically significant positive impact on at least one child outcome.

This programme does not receive a rating of 4 as it has not yet replicated its results in another rigorously conducted study, where at least one study indicates long-term impacts, and at least one uses measures independent of study participants. 

Cost rating
1

A rating of 1 indicates that a programme has a low cost to set up and deliver, compared with other interventions reviewed by EIF. This is equivalent to an estimated unit cost of less than £100.

Child outcomes

According to the best available evidence for this programme's impact, it can achieve the following positive outcomes for children:

Preventing crime, violence and antisocial behaviour

Improved child behaviour (parent-report) - based on study 1

This programme also has evidence of supporting positive outcomes for couples, parents or families that may be relevant to a commissioning decision. Please see About the evidence for more detail.

Empowering Parents, Empowering Communities

Key programme characteristics

Who is it for?

The best available evidence for this programme relates to the following age-groups:

  • Toddlers
  • Preschool

How is it delivered?

The best available evidence for this programme relates to implementation through these delivery models:

  • Group

Where is it delivered?

The best available evidence for this programme relates to its implementation in these settings:

  • Children's centre or early-years setting
  • Primary school
  • Secondary school
  • Community centre
  • Out-patient health setting

How is it targeted?

The best available evidence for this programme relates to its implementation as:

  • Targeted indicated

Where has it been implemented?

Australia, England

UK provision

This programme has been implemented in the UK.

UK evaluation

This programme’s best evidence includes evaluation conducted in the UK.

Empowering Parents, Empowering Communities

About the programme

What happens during delivery?

How is it delivered?
  • EPEC is delivered by two EPEC parent facilitators (QCF-3) to groups of 12 families.
  • EPEC is delivered over eight sessions of two hours’ duration each.
What happens during the intervention?
  • Parents learn strategies for improving the quality of their interactions with their child, reducing negative child behaviour and increasing their efficacy and confidence in parenting.
  • Sessions involve group discussions, demonstrations, role play and homework assignments.

What are the implementation requirements?

Who can deliver it?
  • Both practitioners who deliver this programme are EPEC parent facilitators with QCF-3 level qualifications.
What are the training requirements?
  • The practitioners have 60 hours of programme training. Booster training of practitioners is recommended.
How are the practitioners supervised?
  • It is recommended that practitioners are supervised by one host agency supervisor (qualified to QCF-7/8) with 30 hours of programme training.
What are the systems for maintaining fidelity?
  • Training manual
  • Other online material
  • Video or DVD training
  • Face-to-face training
  • Accreditation or certification process
  • Supervision
  • Booster training
  • Fidelity monitoring
  • Supervisor observation of programme delivery
Is there a licensing requirement?

There is no licence required to run this programme.

How does it work? (Theory of Change)

How does it work?
  • EPEC is based on social learning principles that assume that some parenting behaviours inadvertently encourage unwanted child behaviours. Parents therefore learn strategies for discouraging unwanted behaviours and improving positive family interactions.
  • In the short term, EPEC aims to provide parents with skills for improving children’s behaviour and increasing their confidence in their parenting abilities.
  • In the long term, children will be better able to manage their feelings and behaviour.

Contact details

Dr Crispin Day
crispin.1.day@kcl.ac.uk
The Centre for Parent and Child Support
http://www.cpcs.org.uk

Louisa Campbell
louisa.campbell@slam.nhs.uk
cpcs@slam.nhs.uk

Empowering Parents, Empowering Communities

About the evidence

EPEC’s most rigorous evidence comes from a single RCT which was conducted in the UK.

Study 1

Citation: Day et al (2012)
Design: RCT
Country: United Kingdom
Sample: 116 families living in Southwark
Timing: -
Child outcomes: Improved child behaviour (parent-report)
Other outcomes: Improved parenting

Day, C., Michelson, D., Thomson, S., Penny, C., & Draper, L. (2012). Evaluation of a peer led parenting intervention for disruptive behaviour problems in children: community based randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2012; 344:e1107 doi: 10.1136/bmj.e1107.

Available at
http://www.bmj.com/content/344/bmj.e1107.full

Other studies

The following studies were identified for this programme but did not count towards the programme's overall evidence rating. A programme receives the same rating as its most robust study or studies.

Charalambides, M. (2013). An evaluation of peer-led parenting groups in routine practice. Service evaluation project submitted in partial fulfilment for the D.Clin.Psy. degree. King’s College London. https://kclpure.kcl.ac.uk/portal/files/12505216/Studentthesis-Monica_Charalambides_2013.pdf).

Day, C., Michelson, D., Thomson, S., Penny, C., & Draper, L. (2012). Evaluation of a peer led parenting intervention for disruptive behaviour problems in children: community based randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2012;344:e1107 doi: 10.1136/bmj.e1107.

Day, C., Michelson, D., Thomson, S., Penney, C., & Draper, L. (2010) Innovations in practice: Empowering Parents, Empowering Communities: A pilot evaluation of a peer-led parenting programme, Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 17, 52-57.

Published March 2017   |   Last updated April 2017